How to Care for a Pet Guinea Pig

Guinea Pigs, even though they are not a common sight as pets, are increasing finding favor with people who are willing to experiment and keep exotic or unusual animals as pets. Guinea pigs (or cavies as they are popularly known) are fun loving animals that make great pets. However taking care of a cavy is not the easiest job in the world. They require a lot of care and access to a healthy diet and supplements so that they remain healthy and live longer. Here are few points you must remember while taking care of your pet guinea pig: 1) Food: Access to healthy and well-balanced diet is often one of the most important factors that will contribute to your pet's health. As guinea pig is not a fussy eater, you can feed him different kinds of food without any worry. Many vets recommend feeding them pellets that are made specifically for guinea pigs. It is also vital that you give him fresh vegetables and fruits. You can give fresh apples, tomatoes, lettuce and other fruits and vegetables. Guinea pigs have a habit of grinding their teeth. So make sure you keep adequate supply of hay in his cage. Hay will help him to grind his ever growing teeth so that he can eat other kinds of food. 2) Food Supplements: Guinea pigs need additional food supplements apart from their daily diet. A guinea pig's body cannot produce vitamin C on its own so he must get it from his diet. Lack of vitamin C can cause scurvy so make sure you give him vitamin C supplements daily. 3) Shelter: A guinea pig loves to move around so you must keep him in a cage that has ample space. Try to provide him at least few square feet of space so that he doesn't feel cramped. Make sure that the floor of the cage is not sharp and does not have uneven edges. Guinea pigs have sensitive feet so they can injure themselves easily on a rough surface. 4) Beds: Your will need special bedding for your guinea pig. There are many options available such as hay bedding, wood shavings, paper beds etc. Select a bedding option that is not too hard or it could cause injury to his feet. 5) Nails: Make sure you trim your pet guinea pig's nails regularly. If you allow his nails to grow, it would start cutting on his pads so you must trim them once in a month. 6) Cleanliness: Make sure you keep his cage clean. Remove the droppings and uneaten food as soon as you can or else the cavy could nibble on them and fall sick.