In the animal kingdom, the African elephant has the biggest brain for a land animal. It can weigh up to 5kg. Elephants can swim long distances and also walk at about 4mph. However, they cannot jump like other mammals.
On average, elephants can run up to 15 mph, and in a short distance, they could run as fast as 25mph. Daily an adult elephant spends about 16 hours eating and each day they consume up to 300kg of food and 160 liters of water.
Unbreakable Body Parts
For survival, elephants depend on their 6 sets of molar teeth. Elephants use their trunk as a multi-tool as apart from using it to smell, trumpet, and breathe, it is also used to grab objects. The trunk is tender enough to pick up a blade of grass and strong enough to uproot a tree.
The skin of elephants is extremely sensitive and they use river mud as a form of sunscreen to protect it. Usually, an average elephant loves to take mud baths regularly to protect its skin from sunburn, moisture loss, and insect bites.
The Life Cycle
The gestation period of female elephants is 2 years which is the longest amongst all mammals and the average baby elephant weighs about a staggering 120kg at birth. Elephants are extremely sensitive and caring, and they are shown to express compassion, grief, and altruism. On average, the life span of an elephant can be 50-70 years. In the world, the oldest known elephant was 86 when he died.